Fowl Typhoid is a bacterial disease caused by Salmonella gallinarum and affects mature birds, turkeys, and chickens around the world. Nevertheless, it also affects ducks, guinea fowl, pheasants, peafowl, and quail. Although this pullorum disease now rarely affects commercial poultry, it is still present in small poultry owners. Breeds with brown eggs tend to be more susceptible to contract this disease, than those that produce white eggs. Symptoms include diarrhea, fever, slow growth, and pale combs and wattles. The disease has been causing high mortality but is very seldom in the Pacific region. Fowl Typhoid can either be acute or chronic. Acute cases are usually related to septicemia while chronic cases show anemia in the liver intestines, heart, and pancreas. Acute infection can also be found in young chicks and the death rate can reach up to 90 percent.
How To Prevent or Cure Fowl Typhoid in Chickens
Birds and chickens are usually infected by this disease through egg transmission, ingestion of contaminated food and water, and from imported, live, infected chickens. So far, there is no recommended treatment because it is likely to cause chickens to be carriers. Prevention includes vaccines, while Neomycin can be added to their feeds.